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What Are Bed Bugs? Everything You Need to Know About these Bed Parasites

It’s both amazing and annoying how tiny creatures like the bed bugs in mattress covers are able to interfere with our sleep. The common night greeting “don’t let bed bugs bite you,” has so much truth to it, considering the power of these insects over our good night sleep.

Throughout the years, bed bugs have been associated with filthy beds, especially those that are located in public places. Even some hospital beds have been known to be infested with bed bugs, as well. Surprisingly, there are also reported bed bugs in hotels. Despite the prevalence of bed bugs, a lot of people still do not have an idea how these insects look like, or how they got in in their place. Knowing about the nature of bed bugs might just be a step further for you to prevent them from biting you in your sleep. Here are some facts about bed bugs you may not know yet:

What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are considered as human parasites. They are technically classified as insects that feed on blood, both of humans and animals. First discovery of bed bug bites can be dated back to as early as 1940s, which prompted a massive to get rid of the parasites was done in most of the developed countries of the world. Unfortunately, bed bugs eventually developed immunity from the pesticides that were used to eradicate them, which explains their prevalence up to today.

Another factor that contributes to the prevalence of bed bugs is their reproduction cycle. Although a typical bed bug life cycle has almost five stages, a an adult female bed bug is capable of laying at most five eggs per day, which are often released in clusters. Once the eggs hatch after two weeks, the bed bug larvae or young bed bugs are released, and start feeding. This means that your bites can either be caused by an adult bed bug or a bed bug larvae. Both looks the same, except for the obvious difference in size. Bed bugs may have already reproduced, even before you detect them.

How do Bed Bugs Look Like?

Many of us only know bed bugs from the red spots that they leave as we wake up. In fact, some people even associate bed bug bites on other common parasites such as mosquito. It’s easy to assume that bed bugs cannot be seen by the naked eye, mainly because they usually attack at night. Although this is true, there are still ways to identify bed bugs and possibly get rid of them prior to your bed time.

By being familiar with what bed bugs are and how they look like, it will be easier to detect and get rid of them the next time you make your bed. Adult bed bugs can be easily distinguished with their brownish color, and oval shape. These parasites closely resemble an apple seed, especially because they have flat bodies, too. Once they already fed on enough blood, the bodies of bed bugs may look more reddish than brown. The younger bed bugs or the bed bug larvae look similar, but they are smaller than the adult ones and can be harder to detect. Unfortunately, both adult and young bed bugs can feed on your blood.

How can Bed Bugs Reach my Bed?

Most people are led to believe that bed bugs are results of unsanitary household practices. This is not true. Considering that the bed bugs’ target are only human or animal blood, the sanitation of the place does not really matter for these parasites. This explains why there are bed bugs in hotels, hospitals, and even plane seat. Bed bugs are also incapable of flying, so they are technically spread from a close contact between an infested object to another.

The main reason why bed bug exist in your bed, despite keeping it extra clean are the things that you have acquired outside, which may have become a hiding place for bed bugs. These parasites can easily hide in baggage, clothes, and furniture. Moreover, they can also easily travel to places where humans are, which explains my there bed bugs in mattress covers, headboards, and couches. Studies also suggest that the availability of several electric heating appliances in households has caused the prevalence of bed bugs all year around. Decades ago, bed bugs only caused problem during the warmer seasons.

What are Bed Bugs’ Health Risk?

Bed bug can be totally annoying, and can leave painful and itchy bites, but they fortunately harmless. Bed bugs have been proven not to carry any disease, unlike other parasites like mosquitoes.

The worst that can happen to a person who has been bitten by a bed bug is developing skin rashes and allergic reactions. Other than this, no other study has proven any disease acquired through bed bugs so far.

Getting Rid of Bed Bugs in Covers

Getting rid of bed bugs has been a major challenge for most households and establishments given that the parasites are usually found in exact places where human occupants are. One of the major consideration is the safety of the product to be used in terms of human and animal health. After years of research, there is now a natural and safe way to get rid of bed bugs.

Diatomaceous Earth bed bug powder is a leading name in bed bug eradication. The best part about this product is that there is no need to leave the room or house during application since it does not contain any toxic chemical. The application method is also relatively easier compared to the usual pesticides. The bug powder can also be used in other areas of the house where bed bugs are also suspected to hide, including the headboard, closet, and bags.

Road to a Good Night Sleep

Just because bed bugs are not yet proven to be harmful to human health does not mean that they can just be ignored. Like any parasite, bed bugs can be such a house nuisance, too. So, before their number get out of control in your bed (or other parts of the house) make sure to do the necessary steps in eliminating them. With all these in mind, you are surely on your way to a good nigh sleep..


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